Proposal Writing Resources
The Office of Sponsored Programs and Research Activities (OSPRA) and Corporate and Foundation Relations (CFR), University Advancement, offer guidance on proposal development. In order to prepare a compelling application and strong supporting materials, allow plenty of time for proposal preparation. For large government grants, allow two to six months preparation time. For smaller opportunities, allow four to six weeks.
The Project Concept Form is an intake and program planning form developed by CFR that asks questions about your project, framing the information to prepare your written proposal content and to identify potential funding sources.
The following Tip Sheets and Grants Development FAQs may also be helpful.
- Tip sheet 1: Strategies
- Tip sheet 2: Vetting Grant Opportunities
- Tip sheet 3: Grant Proposal Structure
Please visit the detailed budget information and procedures below for guidelines on how to prepare a budget for a grant proposal. Additionally, the OSPRA has prepared a three-part video tutorial on preparing a budget for a grant proposal:
Government agencies typically provide detailed instructions for prospective grant applicants. Additionally, a number of online resources provide general information on writing effective grant proposals.
National Science Foundation (NSF)
Grant Proposal Guide
NSF Proposal Preparation Presentation by Edward J. Hackett, PhD, Division Director, Division of Social and Economic Sciences, Directorate for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences.
National Institute of Health (NIH)
NIH R15 Academic Research Enhancement Award (AREA) presentation by James C. Anthony, PhD, Professor of Epidemiology and Biostatistics at Michigan State University.
Please visit the Internal Processes page for information on routing proposals through the OSPRA. Please be advised that routing proposals can take up to seven business days. Forms, Fact Sheet and Institutional Overview can be found in other areas of the OSPRA website. For additional information on proposal development, please contact Cate Caldwell in the OSPRA.
Detailed Budget Information and Procedures
The following is general information regarding budget preparation for federal grants. Please note that every organization, whether it be a federal agency or a foundation or corporation, will have its own requirements regarding budget preparation. For additional information, please view the tutorials, below.
Notes concerning certain direct cost categories
When projecting costs into the second and subsequent years of a project, it is customary to work on the basis of an increase that is consistent with increases in the collective bargaining agreements for faculty and professional salaries which could also be utilized for other categories unless unique circumstances (e.g. anticipation of a promotion decision) justify a different rate.
B. Salaries and Wages
Graduate students supported by grants must be paid neither more nor less than those funded by the University's own assistantships. Current rates for each department or school may be obtained from the dean's office of each college or school.
Certain agencies permit listing the costs of tuition for graduate students employed on sponsored projects as a direct cost of the research. Others forbid it. The grant administrator can advise you about this.
Under certain circumstances, the individual colleges or schools may be able to offer tuition remission to graduate students whose stipends derive from grants or from contracts. However, this possibility must be explored with the appropriate individual within the college or school before the grant proposal is submitted and cannot be regarded as an entitlement.
C. Fringe Benefits
The current fringe benefit rates are contained on the OSPRA Fact Sheet. The full-time rate applies to on-term (academic year) faculty salaries and other full time (calendar year) employees. The part-time rate applies to off-term (Summer) and overload salaries and other part-time employees.
Fringe benefits do not apply to graduate and undergraduate student salaries and wages.
D. Equipment vs. Supplies
Equipment may be broadly defined as an article of tangible personal property that is complete in itself; is of a durable nature; has a useful life of more than one year; and has an acquisition cost of $5,000 or more per unit. Any incidental costs such as installation, shipping, or accessories are included.
Supplies are those items of disposable property purchased for less than a $5,000 unit price with an expected useful life of one year or less. On grant-funded projects, this definition is used for both office and laboratory expenditures.
Both supplies and equipment must be ordered using the standard procedures established by the Purchasing Department. The grant administrator will gladly help those new to this process to learn what is required.
Some funding agencies have specific travel restrictions and rules. Certain federal programs, for example, permit air travel only on U.S.-flag carriers. The grant administrator can supply you with this information.
Most agencies, however, will reimburse on the basis of consistently applied institutional rules. For this reason, the University requires externally funded researchers to follow the Travel Policy established for the University as a whole and promulgated by the Controller's Office.
That policy document includes information about ticketing procedures; travel advances; restrictions on air travel; car rental and personal vehicle reimbursement rates; local transportation; hotel and meal expenses; Expense Report forms; and supporting documentation required for reimbursement. Copies of this important policy document can be obtained from the Controller's Office. PI/PDs would be well-advised to request a copy well in advance of any trip they expect to take.
F. Consultant Services
Consultants are individuals contracted to offer to grant-funded projects specific services not available from persons employed under the grant. University of Detroit Mercy employees normally cannot be hired as consultants. All of the following documentation is necessary when hiring consultants:
- A current curriculum vitae of the consultant including his or her Social Security number.
- An itemized bill or invoice from the consultant showing all work done and date(s) involved.
It should be noted that the Public Health Services (PHS) guidelines for grants, which govern all NIH awards among others, set the following minimum standards for documentation in support of consultants:
- There must be evidence that the services to be provided are essential and cannot be provided by persons receiving salary support under the grant.
- There must be evidence that some selection process has been employed to secure the most qualified person available and that the selection has been approved by a senior officer of the institution. (For University of Detroit Mercy this is the vice president for Business and Finance.)
- There must be evidence that the charge is appropriate, considering the qualifications of the consultant, his or her normal charges and the nature of the services rendered.
However, for University purposes, it will be assumed that the provision of a curriculum vitae and of a bill or invoice implies that the principal investigator or project director (PI/PD) has already given proper consideration to the standards stipulated above.
In any instance where a consultant will be utilized on a recurring basis over a period of time, it is also advisable that the following information be documented by letter both to the consultant him-or herself and to the grant administrator: work to be performed; rate, frequency and basis for payments to be made; and duration of the agreement.
Notes concerning indirect costs
It is important to remember that the governmentally approved IDC rate (see Fact Sheet) is an audited percentage which the University is entitled to claim. Whenever a rate lower than that is to be adopted, the "shortfall" in grant income represents a legitimate University "contribution" to the project and should be listed as cost sharing on all internal budget documents (and on those submitted to the sponsor where appropriate).
Completion of the Detroit Mercy internal summary form budget page
In an effort to simplify the budget preparation process, for multi-year grants, which include yearly budget detail as part of the proposal, only a grand total summary budget needs to be completed on the appropriate page of the Internal Summary Form.
Notes concerning post-award activities
- Establishing an account. When they receive either a cash award or a formal grant award letter, the grants administrator in the Controller's Office will establish a restricted fund account based on the information available. After the fund is established, the PI/PD will be able to view their grant activity on TitanConnect (Banner).
- Changes to Budgets. Changes to grant budgets (or monies appropriated) are allowable only with the approval of the PI/PD and within the guidelines established by the federal granting agency.
Prior approval may be obtained by making a formal written request to the grant administrator, who must then request the approval of the granting agency. This brief request should explicitly address three considerations:
- That the purposes for which you wish to use the funds do reflect the purposes for which the grant was made.
- That taking money from the category that you propose will not inhibit the work for which the grant was made.
- The reason why excess funds remain in the category from which you propose to make the transfer.
Transfers can not be made from the indirect cost to a direct cost category or vice versa.
Grants Budgeting Video Tutorial
Principle Investigator Status Policy
There are three different categories of Principle Investigator (PI) status at University of Detroit Mercy. PI status conveys to an individual the privilege of acting as director or co-director (PI or Co-PI) on a sponsored project application. The University restricts the designation of PI status to certain categories of individuals under the following procedures:
1. Regular PI status is granted automatically to regular faculty and academic staff and also to research associates identified in the budget of the University in recognition of their affiliation with the University.
2. Special PI status may be granted to individuals who possess credentials similar to those persons described in category 1 above, but who do not currently hold a category 1 affiliation with the University. For example, persons holding courtesy or adjunct appointment may request Special PI status. Special PI status usually requires a terminal degree in the discipline.
The procedure to obtain Special PI status is for the sponsoring unit, e.g. department, unit, or school, to make a written request to the provost and VPAA. The request should include a copy of the individual's vita. It should also indicate that the individual possesses the expertise to hold Special PI status and that the department agrees to support and house any project awarded under the PI's direction.
Please note that the OSPRA may recommend that the adjunct faculty member partner with a full-time faculty member.
3. Project PI status may be granted to any unclassified or classified employee of the University not covered in category 1, e.g. professional staff. This status is granted to an individual only on a project by project basis and must be requested for each new project.
The procedure requires a letter of request from the individual's supervisor, co-signed by the unit head. The request should be addressed to the provost and VPAA and should contain a copy of the nominee's vita. The letter makes a recommendation for the person based on his or her expertise, indicates departmental agreement to house any resulting project, and addresses the relevance of the project to the nominee's regular employment responsibilities.
4. Students will not be granted PI status except in the case of student programs or fellowships.